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Impact of omega 3 and omega 6 ratio on brain cognition functions in adolescents.

20/1/24

By:

Pravin K Rajak

 J Medi Ntri Vol 1 Issue 2 Page 91-94

Impact of omega 3 and omega 6 ratio on brain cognition functions in adolescents.

Pravin K Rajak1, Kshitij Bhardwaj2, Narsingh Verma3

1 ISMNFood and Biosciences Research Lab,Lucknow

2Nutrition Council of India Institute of Food,Nutrition and Health Sciences


Abstract:

Omega-3 fatty acids, a type of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), are known to play a fundamental role in cognitive function throughout all stages of life. Among these, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) are particularly vital for ensuring optimal brain function. DHA, in particular, is notable as the primary omega-3 fatty acid found in the brain, exerting significant influence over neurotransmitter activity and various cognitive processes. The balance between omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids appears to be more crucial than the individual levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). Maintaining a harmonious ratio between these two types of fatty acids is essential for supporting optimal cognitive performance. A high ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 may be associated with diminished cognitive abilities and increased inflammation, potentially impacting mental well-being in adolescents.

This review aims to explore the influence of the omega-3/omega-6 ratio on brain cognitive function in adolescents.

Keywords:  Omega3 fatty acids, Omega6 fatty acids, Adolescence, Brain cognition, Polyunsaturated fatty acids(PUFA)


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