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Potential implications of time-restricted meal in improvising overall health of young age people

20/1/24

By:

Jyoti Yadav

 J Medi Ntri Vol 1 Issue 2 Page 91-94

Potential implications of time-restricted meal in improvising overall health of young age people

Jyoti Yadav1, Shipra Bhardwaj2, Shalie Malik3, Kshitij Bhardwaj4, Narsingh Verma5

1. Dr. Giri Lal Gupta Institute of Public Health and Public Affairs, University of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

2. Department of Physiology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

3. Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

4. Nutrition Council of India, Institute of Food, Nutrition and Health Sciences, India

5. Department of Physiology, King George Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India


Abstract: Biological rhythms play vital role in maintaining the physiological as well behavioural functions, these 24-hour rhythms are present in every cell of the body and work in coordination with one other. Feeding pathway is also regulated by digestive circadian rhythms impacting the enzyme activity, metabolic process and nutrient uptake and utilization according to the time of the day. Any disruption in feeding pathway strongly affect the metabolic utilization and leads to several adverse health outcomes. In young population this disruption is seen to be present due to inappropriate meal timings, erratic sleep-wale cycle, sedentary lifestyle with very minimal physical activity, which exposes them to various cardiometabolic health issues, particularly obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases etc. These disruption leads to altered blood glucose levels, altered blood pressure increased BMI (body mass index), elevated lipid levels etc. predisposing to chronic health outcomes at an early stage and increasing undue burden. Time-restricted meal is an approach which could help in improving the diet pattern and energy utilization, help in alignment of circadian rhythms and can improve metabolic functions as well as weight management. TRM allows one to eat whatever the person like but the period of fasting is longer, allowing body to properly utilize the nutrient and promoting overall health, giving body the time between feeding and fasting.


Keywords: circadian rhythm, time-restricted meal/diet, feeding rhythms, circadian rhythm disruption, young population, fasting-feeding rhythms, chrononutrition.


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